Causes of Tinnitus

What is Tinnitus? In many cases of tinnitus are caused by damage to the inner ear cells. These injured cells release an electrical signal through a nerve to your brain, thus causing the ringing and humming sounds associated with tinnitus. Conditions that cause this are as follows:

o   Atherosclerosis

This blood vessel disorder is induced by fatty buildup in the arteries. This can make inner ear blood vessels lose their elasticity, causing blood flow to be more forceful which can be detected in the ear.

o   Exposure to loud noises

Prolong exposure to heavy equipment, firearms, and portable music devices can cause permanent hearing damage.

o   High blood pressure

Any factors that increase blood pressure, such as hypertension, stress, and alcohol can make exaggerate tinnitus symptoms.

o   Medications

A number of medications can cause tinnitus. Watch out for antibiotics that contain erythromycin, neomycin, polymyxin B, and vancomycin. High doses of aspirin have been known to cause tinnitus, as well as diuretics and certain antidepressants.

o   TMJ disorders

Issues with the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) can cause tinnitus. These issues arise from teeth grinding or jaw clenching.

o   Meniere’s Disease

Tinnitus can be a precursor to this inner ear disorder, which is caused by abnormal inner ear pressure from fluid.

o   Blockage from ear wax

When excessive ear wax collects, it becomes hard and irritates the eardrum, leading to tinnitus.

o   Age-related hearing loss

This type of hearing loss, which normally begins at age 60, can provoke tinnitus symptoms.

 

Tinnitus can be treated by first identifying the underlying health conditions. It’s important to contact a doctor if you are experiencing tinnitus that has lasted more than a couple of days, or if symptoms are severe enough that they have interfered with your daily activities.